Senegal is a 200.000 km2 country with about 15 million inhabitants, located in West Africa, a region that was strongly colonized first by Portugal, whose presence left an obvious imprint in Cape Verde and Guinea Bissau, and then by France, being French the dominant language although there are a few English-speaking countries too, like Gambia, Sierra Leone, Liberia or Ghana. With a parliamentary democracy, Senegal is the most stable country after its Independence from France in 1960, darkened only by a few unstable years in the southwest due to the Cassamance rebellion in the 90’s.
The Kedougou region is located in the southernmost and most humid area in Senegal and its climate is sub-guinean. There is a dry and hot season from March to June, a rainy season from July to October, and a cooler dry season from November to February. In Kedougou, average temperature is around 28,3 °C. The average of max being 34,8 °C and min being 21,7 °C. Highest temperature is around 40 °C in April and lowest around 17 °C in December. Yearly rain average is 1189 mm.It is thus recommended to travel in October, November, December and January, to avoid rain and dry heat. Being a nuisance, the rainy season does not necessarily become an obstacle to travelling for most of the region.
With 16.896 km², representing a 8,6% of the national territory, Kedougou is one of the largest regions in the country. The last population survey from 2002 estimates its population in 125.000 inhabitants, with a density of just 7,4 hab/km². Settlements in Kedougou are characterized by its high ethnic diversity. Main ethnic groups are the Peul, the Bedik, the Diakhanké, the Bassari, the Mandingue, the Diallounkés, etc. Regarding religions, Muslims are majority (96,6%), followed by Catholics (2,6%) and animists (0,8%).Most of its family economy is subsistence, with pluvial agriculture based on corn, fogno, millet and forest fruits collection, which are sometimes sold in the markets. Although many cows are on sight, we cannot talk about a real farming activity. Cows work as a currency and safety net among the Peul (called Fulani in other areas). There are also peanut and cotton fields, which in this case are sold to manufacturing companies.