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Bedik and Bassari ethnic groups, both belonging to the Tenda ethnic family, are traditionally animists. Its origin is bantú, as opposed to the islamized Peul. The latter gradually ended up pushing them to the remotest corners of each of the countries of the subregion. In the case of Senegal, the Bassari country's center is in Ethiolo, 80 km west of Kedougou, while much of the Bedik population lives in the mountains of the same name, between Bandafasi and Ninefesha. These two ethnic groups have traditionally attracted anthropologists and tourists for its ancient rituals, tied to the land and spirits. There are spectacular festivals of the harvest between November and February, and initiation rituals in the month of May.

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The Peul, the main ethnic group in the region have traditionally been nomadic herders across the northern half of Africa, and still are in many areas. In Kedougou particularly, most have settled, but still retain the cow as a distinctive element of their culture.The remaining ethnic groups that populate the region are Muslim. Traditions and ways of life of the Peul, the Mandingue, etc, contrast sharply with their animist neighbors. Much more contained, with no consumption of intoxicating substances such as palm wine or beer of millet, celebrations also have great cultural and anthropological interest, but mostly aligned with the key dates in the international Muslim tradition.

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Instituto Jane Goodall España
Delegación Senegal
Dindefelo, Región de Kedougou